A list of PAAC volunteers, their certification status and an explanation of that status.The emergence of man through the process of biological and cultural evolution is a story of long span of time.Chronology, the study of events in time frame, is hence the central theme of archaeologist, like the geologist who deals with the story of earth history.In fact, chronology is one of the most fundamental issues in and perhaps a characteristic of archaeology.Similarly, pollen grains released by seed-bearing plants became fossilized in rock layers.Dating methods in historical archaeology differ little from the methods of archaeology in general.Bibliography & Glossary (PDF) Class Outline The Candidate Application and Record of Previous Experience forms.An overview of the program and certification options.
Dating techniques are procedures used by scientists to determine the age of an object or a series of events.
Both absolute and relative dating approaches are employed.
However, historical archaeology has tended to de-emphasize archaeometric analyses because of the availability of a documentary record.
The main relative dating method is stratigraphy (pronounced stra-TI-gra-fee), which is the study of layers of rocks or the objects embedded within those layers.
This method is based on the assumption (which nearly always holds true) that deeper layers of rock were deposited earlier in Earth's history, and thus are older than more shallow layers.